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    Svalbard

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    Svalbard

    and the island of

    Spitsbergen

     

    Elderhostel 80th North Latitude Barentsburg Coal Operations Glaciers Longyearbyen Ny Alesund

     

    Svalbard, formerly Spitsbergen, archipelago in the Arctic Ocean, about midway between Norway and the North Pole, and belonging to Norway. It comprises all lands between latitude 74░ North and latitude 81░ North and between longitude 10░ East and longitude 35░ East. The principal islands are Spitsbergen, Nordaustlandet, Barents°ya, Edge°ya, Kong Karls Land, Prins Karls Forland, and Bj°rn°ya. Coal mining is the major industry. 

     

    evidence of early Norwegian whaling operations

    The islands appeared in early Norwegian stories and they were rediscovered by a Dutch expedition under the navigator Willem Barents in 1596. 

     

    graves of those who died

     

    grave raised by permafrost

    No settlements were founded until after the Norwegians began mining coal here in the 1890s. In 1920, Norway's claim to the islands was formally recognized. Russia has mining rights and maintains settlements in Svalbard. Area, about 62,160 sq km (about 24,000 sq mi); population (1991) 3309.

     

    groundcover flowering during the short growing season

     

    makes a colorful landscape

     

    also rocks with colorful lichens

     

    seals are seen on the ice

     

    gulls in the water

     

    guillemots nesting on the cliffs

     

    a puffin in the water

     

    and even glacier ice looking like a whale

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    Longyearbyen is the modern tourist administrative village

    Other Photos of Longyearbyen

     

    Russian Peace slogan on hill above Barentsburg

     


    a Russian coal mining community operation

    Other Photos of Barentsburg

     

    Northernmost Post Office in Ny ┼lesund

    Other Photos of Ny ┼lesund

     

    Other Photos of the Glaciers of Spitsbergen

     

    at the 80th Latitude

    Photos of Reaching the 80th North Latitude

    Elderhostel 80th North Latitude Barentsburg Coal Operations Glaciers Longyearbyen Ny Alesund

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